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Brief on the Early Recovery Working Group (ERWG)

Background

Based on a decision by the Government of Pakistan to end the humanitarian relief phase on January 31, 2011 in the flood affected areas of Pakistan, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) decided to create a coordination mechanism for the Early Recovery (ER) phase.  The proposed mechanism has been named as Early Recovery Working Group (ERWG) and is being constituted at the federal, provincial and district levels effective March 1, 2011.

Membership

The ERWG is proposed to be an open forum, with representation from the Provincial Disaster Management Authorities (PDMAs), Federal Line Ministries, UN Agencies, National and International NGOs, Private Sector Representatives, Philanthropists, etc. In view of the global mandates and previous successful experience in this country, NDMA and HC have agreed to have UNDP as the co-chair of ERWG.

Sector Working Groups

With a view to build upon the foundations laid by the IASC Cluster System, and to facilitate decision making in technical areas, it has been agreed to constitute Sector Working Groups (SWG) under the ERWG.  Each of these SWGs will be co-chaired by the relevant UN Agency and the concerned Government Ministry or NDMA itself.  The sectors to be covered include: Livelihood, Food and Agriculture, Public Health, Health and Nutrition, Education, Community Infrastructure, Housing, Environment and Governance.  Disaster Risk Reduction, Protection, Age, Gender and HIV/AIDS will be treated as cross cutting themes.

Co-Chairs for SWGs

Sector

UN Lead

Government of Pakistan  Lead

Food Security & Agriculture

FAO/WFP

MinFAL

Health and Nutrition

WHO/UNICEF

MoH

Education

UNICEF/Save the Children

Min of Education

Public Health (WASH)

UNICEF

NDMA

Housing

UN Habitat

NDMA

Governance

UNDP

NDMA

Off Farm Livelihood

ILO

NVTEC

Community Infrastructure

UNDP

NDMA

Co-Chairs for TGs

Environment

UNDP

NDMA

Protection

UNHCR

NDMA

Disaster Risk Reduction

UNDP

NDMA

Gender

UN-Women

NDMA

Goals of ERWG

  • To establish an overarching ER coordination mechanism;
  • To bring all the Early Recovery stakeholders on a platform to map the activities, resource needs, and gaps with a view to foster inclusive and integrated decision making and reporting;
  • To make a strategic link between Residual Relief, Early Recovery and Longer Term Reconstruction;
  • To offer strategic advice to key decision makers on the best options for ER.

Specific Objectives of ERWG

  • Stakeholders Mapping (Location, Sector, Capacity, Budget, Reporting etc.,)
  • Strategic Gap Analysis
  • Economic Analysis
  • Information Management for Decision Making

Regional ERWGs

The structure of the federal ERWG, as mentioned above, will be mirrored at the provincial as well as at the level of 29 most affected districts.  While the federal ERWG will be co-chaired by NDMA and UNDP, the government will be represented by the PDMAs and the District Coordination Officers at the provincial and district levels, respectively.  The following diagramme aims at illustrating the arrangement at various levels.

Federal ERWG

Co-chairs: NDMA and UNDP

Members: NDMA, PDMAs, Ministries, UN, Donors, NGOs, SWGs, Private Sector, Philanthrop

Provincial ERWG

Pujnab

 

Co-chairs: PDMA and UNDP

 

Members: PDMA, UN, Donors, Line Departments, NGOs, SWGs, Trade Bodies

Provincial ERWG

Sindh

 

Co-chairs: PDMA and UNDP

 

Members: PDMA, UN, Donors, Line Departments, NGOs, SWGs, Trade Bodies

 

Provincial ERWG

Balochistan

 

Co-chairs: PDMA and UNDP

 

Members: PDMA, UN, Donors, Line Departments, NGOs, SWGs, Trade Bodies

Provincial ERWG

KPK

 

Co-chairs: PDMA and UNDP

 

Members: PDMA, UN, Donors, Line Departments, NGOs, SWGs, Trade Bodies


District ERWGs

Co-chairs: District Coordination Officer and UNDP

Members: DCO, Implementing Partners, Line Agencies, Philanthropists, Trade Bodies, NGOs

Responsibilities of ERWGs at various levels

The following table illustrates division of tasks of ERWG at federal, provincial and district levels:

Level

Primary Mandate

Federal

Formulation and Review of Policy Guidelines

Aggregate Gap and Needs Analysis

Leveraging Additional Resources

Prioritisation and Sequencing

Linking ER and Reconstruction

Provincial

Implementation planning

Monitoring of Implementation and data collection/collation

Regionally Disaggregated Gap and Needs Identification

Feedback to the federal ERWG

Managing Residual Relief

District

Monitoring of Implementation and data collection

Clearing the Institutional and Procedural Bottlenecks

Feedback to the provincial ERWG

  
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